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中文论文题目: Weak Higher-Order Interactions in Macroscopic Functional Networks of the Resting Brain
英文论文题目: Weak Higher-Order Interactions in Macroscopic Functional Networks of the Resting Brain
论文题目英文:
作者: Huang, Xuhui
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刊物名称: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
年: 2017
卷: 37
期: 43
页: 10481-10497
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摘要: Interactions among different brain regions are usually examined through functional connectivity (FC) analysis, which is exclusively based on measuring pairwise correlations in activities. However, interactions beyond the pairwise level, that is, higher-order interactions (HOIs), are vital in understanding the behavior of many complex systems. So far, whether HOIs exist among brain regions and how they can affect the brain's activities remains largely elusive. To address these issues, here, we analyzed blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signals recorded from six typical macroscopic functional networks of the brain in 100 human subjects (46 males and 54 females) during the resting state. Through examining the binarized BOLD signals, we found that HOIs within and across individual networks were both very weak regardless of the network size, topology, degree of spatial proximity, spatial scales, and whether the global signal was regressed. To investigate the potential mechanisms underlying the weak HOIs, we analyzed the dynamics of a network model and also found that HOIs were generally weak within a wide range of key parameters provided that the overall dynamic feature of the model was similar to the empirical data and it was operating close to a linear fluctuation regime. Our results suggest that weak HOI may be a general property of brain's macroscopic functional networks, which implies the dominance of pairwise interactions in shaping brain activities at such a scale and warrants the validity of widely used pairwise-based FC approaches.
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